© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Passerbys walk past an electric screen showing Asian markets indices outside a brokerage in Tokyo, Japan, July 1, 2019. REUTERS/Issei Kato
By Amanda Cooper
LONDON (Reuters) -The dollar headed for its largest one-day rise in over three months on Tuesday, while equities rallied in a macro-packed week that could offer a steer on when, and at what level, U.S. interest rates might peak.
The MSCI All-World index was roughly unchanged, although European stocks, led by hefty gains in anything from financials, to oil and gas stocks, to healthcare, bounced to two-week highs.
Typically, stocks tend to fall when the dollar gains, but that negative correlation between the two softened on Tuesday to its weakest since early September. The was last up 1% at 104.69.
The euro was the worst-performing currency against the dollar, falling by the most since late September, after German regional inflation data showed consumer price pressures eased sharply in December, thanks in large part to government measures to contain bills for households and businesses.
Data on U.S. payrolls this week are expected to show the labour market remains tight, while EU consumer prices could show some slowdown in inflation as energy prices ease.
“Energy base effects will bring about a sizeable reduction in inflation in the major economies in 2023, but stickiness in core components, much of this stemming from tight labour markets, will prevent an early dovish policy ‘pivot’ by central banks,” analysts at NatWest Markets wrote in a note.
They expect interest rates to top out at 5% in the United States, 2.25% in the EU and 4.5% in Britain and to stay there for the entire year. Markets, on the other hand, are pricing in rate cuts for late 2023, with fed fund futures implying a range of 4.25 to 4.5% by December.
“The thing that makes me nervous about this year is that we still do not know the full impact of the very significant monetary tightening that’s taken place across the advanced world,” Berenberg senior economist Kallum Pickering said.
“It takes a good year, or 18 months, for the full effect to kick in,” he said.
Central banks have expressed concern about rising wages, even as consumers have struggled to keep up with the soaring cost of living and companies are running out of room to protect their profitability by raising their own prices.
But, Pickering said, the labour market tends to lag the broader economy by some time, meaning that there is a risk that central banks could be raising interest rates by more than the economy can withstand.
“What central banks are inducing is essentially excess cyclicality, which is – they overstimulated in 2021 and triggered an inflationary boom and then overtightened in 2022 and triggered a disinflationary recession. It’s exactly the opposite of what you want central banks to do,” he said.
Investors will get their first insight into central bank thinking later this week when the Federal Reserve releases the minutes from its December policy meeting.
The minutes will likely show many members saw risks that interest rates would need to go higher for longer, but investors are conscious of how much they’ve risen already.
On the markets, European shares rose thanks to gains in classic defensive sectors, such as healthcare and food and beverages. Drugmakers Novo Nordisk (NYSE:), Astrazeneca (LON:) and Roche were among the biggest positive weights on the , along with Nestle
The STOXX, which lost 13% in 2022, rose 1.1%. The , the only major European index not to trade on Monday, rose 1.3%.
U.S. stock index futures gained between 0.4-0.5%, pointing to an upbeat start at the opening bell.
Markets have for a while priced in an eventual U.S. easing, but they were badly wrong-footed by the Bank of Japan’s shock upward shift in its ceiling for bond yields.
The BOJ is now considering raising its inflation forecasts in January to show price growth close to its 2% target in fiscal 2023 and 2024, according to the .
Such a move at its next policy meeting on Jan. 17-18 would only add to speculation of an end to ultra-loose policy, which has essentially acted as a floor for bond yields globally.
The policy shift has boosted the yen across the board, with the dollar losing 5% in December and the euro 2.3%.
The yen took a breather on Tuesday, easing 0.3% against the dollar to 130.96. The dollar earlier touched a six-month low of 129.52 yen. Against the dollar, the euro fell 1.1% to $1.05395, having dropped by as much as 1.4% earlier in the day.
“A theme we’ve often noticed is the euro’s negative seasonality in January, down around 1.3% since 1980 on average in January, with a 64% hit ratio. If history is any guide, it’s a rough month for euro longs,” Nomura strategist Jordan Rochester said.
Oil succumbed to the strength of the dollar, and reversed course, falling as concern about demand in China, the world’s second largest economy, added to the downward momentum.
A batch of surveys have shownChina’s factory activity shrank at the sharpest pace in nearly three years as COVID infections swept through production lines.
“China is entering the most dangerous weeks of the pandemic,” warned analysts at Capital Economics.
lost 0.9% to trade around $85.15 a barrel, having hit a session high of $87.00 earlier on.