© Reuters. Penguin books are seen in a used bookshop in central London October 29, 2012. REUTERS/Stefan Wermuth/File Photo
By Abigail Summerville and Anirban Sen
NEW YORK (Reuters) – Book-publishing powerhouse Simon & Schuster’s owner will let its $2.2 billion sale to Penguin Random House collapse on Monday, opening the door for a new suitor to try to clinch a deal, according to people familiar with the matter.
The acquisition was blocked on Nov. 1 by a federal judge on antitrust grounds. German media group Bertelsmann SE & Co, which owns Penguin, was unable to convince Paramount Global, Simon & Schuster’s current owner, to help launch an appeal and extend the deal contract before it expires on Monday, the sources said.
Bertelsmann will owe Paramount a $200 million break-up fee as a result of the transaction falling apart.
The sources requested anonymity ahead of official announcements this week. Paramount declined to comment, while a Bertelsmann spokesperson did not respond to a request for comment.
The U.S. Justice Department had sued to stop the tie-up of the two publishers, which combined would have accounted for more than 25% of all print books sold in the United States this year.
In its complaint, it argued the deal would lead to lower earnings for authors because of the reduced competition. Best-selling author Stephen King testified in favor of the government’s arguments during the trial.
Penguin writers include cookbook author Ina Garten and novelists Zadie Smith and Danielle Steele, while Simon & Schuster publishes King, Jennifer Weiner and Hillary Rodham Clinton, among others.
The top five U.S. publishers are Penguin, HarperCollins, Macmillan, Simon & Schuster and Hachette.
Following a collapse of the deal, Paramount will be free to explore a sale of Simon & Schuster anew. Previously known as ViacomCBS (NASDAQ:), Paramount had inked the Penguin deal so it could focus on its video and streaming businesses.
HarperCollins, which is controlled by News Corp (NASDAQ:), and Lagardere SCA’s Hachette Book Group have previously expressed interest publicly in buying Simon & Schuster.
HarperCollins also unsuccessfully bid for Simon & Schuster when it was put up for sale by Paramount in early 2020.
HarperCollins and Hachette did not respond to requests for comment.